Animal cloning

The story of Britain's first cloned pet dog by a Korean company has raised many questions and serious ethical concerns. Is it a step too far?

Cloned animalsThere are 3 types of cloning:

1. Gene cloning or DNA cloning - produces copies of segments of DNA

2. Reproductive cloning - produces copies of the whole animal

3. Therapeutic cloning - involves the process of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to create tissue to potentially treat diseases and damaged organs

 

A FAQ fact-sheet on cloning (last accessed 30/6/2014)

 

Press news

 

Policies, position statements, and review papers

 

Additional references

  • Kim HakMin Cho. et al. (2013) Whole genome comparision of donor and cloned dogs. Scientific Reports, 3(2998):srep02998
  • Jang, G. et al. (2007) Birth of viable female dogs produces by somatic cell nuclear transfer. Theriogenology, 67(5), pp. 941-947
  • Bannasch, D. L and Hughes, A. M. (2006) Recent advances in small animal genetics. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 36(3), pp 461-474
  • Lee B.C.  et al. (2005) Dogs cloned from adult somatic cell. Nature, 436, p. 641

  • Shin T. et al. (2002) A cat cloned by nuclear transplantation. Nature, 415, p. 859
  • Long, C.R. et al. (2003) New commercial opportunities for advances reproductive technologies in horses, wildlife, and companion animals. Theriogenology, 59, pp. 139-149

  • Lindblad-Toh, K. et al (2005) Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog. Nature 438, pp.803-819

 

Image: Cloned mice with different DNA methylation. Author: Photograph courtesy of Emma Whitelaw, University of Sydney, Australia. Source: Bradbury J: Human Epigenome Project—Up and Running. PLoS Biol 1/3/2003: e82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0000082. This file is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic licence.