Close Close

Day 2 - references from the presentations

The following references from the presentations are in the order as in the VET 2016 conference programme for Day 2, and also available to download (PDF 344 KB)

Conference programme for Day 1 (PDF 17 KB), Day 2 (PDF 19 KB), Day 3 (PDF 15 KB)

References from Day 1

References from Day 3

References from all the presentations

Mike Clarke - Evidence Aid

March 2011: Japan hit by tsunami after massive earthquake [accessed 2 December 2016]

In pictures: Japan earthquake and tsunami [accessed 2 December 2016]

Back to top


Katie Waine - Clinical audit experiences of veterinary surgeons undertaking farm animal work in the UK

Grol, R. and Wensing, M. (1995) Implementation of quality assurance and medical audit: general practitioners' perceived obstacles and requirements. British Journal General Practice, 45(399), pp. 548-552.

Johnston, G. (et al) (2000) Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit. Quality in Health Care, 9(1), pp. 23-26.

Viner, B. (2003) Attitudes to clinical auditing in veterinary general practice. MSc, Middlesex University.

Vinver, B. (2006) Introducing clinical audit into veterinary practice. Doctorate in Professional Studies Project report, Middlesex University.

Experiences and attitudes towards clinical audit of veterinary surgeons undertaking farm animal work in the UK.  Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine, University of Nottingham [Accessed 20 December 2016]

New CPD Opportunity: Using an evidence-based approach in you practice [Accessed 19 December 2016]

BestBETS for Vets [Accessed 19 December 2016]

VetSRev - freely accessible online database of citations for systematic reviews [Accessed 21/12/2016]

Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine [Accessed 19 December 2016]

Back to top


Sebastian Arlt - What is the quality of CATs developed by students?

Arlt, S. and Heuwieser, W. (2011) Training students to appraise the quality of scientific literature. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 38(2), pp. 135-140. DOI: 10.3138/jvme.38.2.135

Arlt, S., Haimerl, P. and Heuwieser, W. (2012) Training evidence-based veterinary medicine by collaborative development of critically appraised topics. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 39(2), pp. 111-118. DOI: 10.3138/jvme.1111.112R

BestBETS for Vets [Accessed 20 December 2016]

Back to top


David Mills - Putting the horse before the cart: the ethical case for animal patient values in EBVM

Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine [Accessed 20 December 2016]

Uechi, M. et al. (2012) Mitral valve repair under cardiopulmonary bypass in small-breed dogs: 48 cases (2006-2009). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 240(10), pp. 1194-1201. DOI: 10.2460/javma.240.10.1194

Haggstrom, J. et al. (2008) Effect of pimobendan or benazepril hydrochloride on survival times in dogs with congestive heart failure caused by naturally occurring myxomatous mitral valve disease: the Quest Study. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 22(5), pp. 1124-1135. DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2008.0150.x

Yeates, J. and Corr, S. (2014) Use of a quantitative methodology to evaluate treatment options: methods and proof of principle example. AWSELVA Journal, 18(1), pp. 9-14

Back to top


Mary Fraser – Current thoughts on the treatment of Malassezia in canine otitis

Bensignor, E. and Grandemange, E. (2006) Comparison of an antifungal agent with a mixture of antifungal, antibiotic and corticosteroid agents for the treatment of Malassezia species otitis in dogs. Veterinary Record, 158(6), pp. 193-195

Chiavassa, E., Tizzani, P. and Peano, A. (2014) In vitro antifungal susceptibility of Malassezia pachydermatis strains isolated from dogs with chronic and acute otitis externa. Mycopathologia, 178(3-4), pp. 315-319. DOI: 10.1007/s11046-014-9782-0

Hensel, P. et al. (2009) In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a potentiated miconazole aural solution in chronic Malassezia otitis externa in dogs. Veterinary Dermatology, 20(5-6), pp. 429-434

Mason, C.L. et al. (2013) Study to assess in vitro antimicrobial activity of nine ear cleaners against Malassezia pachydermatis isolates. Veterinary Dermatology, 24(3), pp. 362-366. DOI: 10.1111/vde.12024

Mueller, R.S. et al. (2012) A review of topical therapy for skin infections with bacterial and yeast. Veterinary Dermatology, 23(4), pp. 330-341. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2012.01057.x.

Rougier, S. et al. (2005) A comparative study of two antimicrobial/anti-inflammatory formulations in the treatment of canine otitis externa. Veterinary Dermatology, 16(5), pp. 299-307.

Swinney, A. et al. (2008) Comparative in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of commercial ear cleaners. Veterinary Dermatology, 19(6), pp. 373-379. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2008.00713.x

Back to top


Emma O’Neill - The use of an evidence based practice approach to promote active student engagement and life - long learning in an online Graduate Certificate

University College Dublin [Accessed 19 December 2016]

Sackett, D.L. et al. (1996) Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ 1996;312:71. DOI:

Dawes, M. et al. Sicily statement on evidence-based practice. BMC Medical Education, 5(1). DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-5-1

Back to top


Elizabeth Jackson & Sarah Hauser - Building a business case for EBVM

Cardwell, C. (2001) The business case for evidence-based medicine. Journal of Medical Marketing: Device, Diagnostic and Pharmaceutical Marketing, 2(1), pp. 54-75

McCracken, B. (2013) Building a business case for evidence-based medicine. Clinical Key. Available from [last accessed 19/12/2016]

Hauser, S. and Jackson, E.L. (2016) Non-clinical benefits of evidence-based veterinary medicine [online]. Veterinary Evidence, 1(3). DOI:

Back to top


Mariska Leeflang - Evidence synthesis of diagnostics: GRADE and how it can be used for veterinary evidence

Leeflang, M. et al. (2008) Galactomann detection for invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromized patients. Cochrane database systematic reviews, 8(4): CD007394. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007394

Odaga, J. et al. (2014) Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4: CD008998. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008998.pub2

Gotzsche, P.C. and Nielsen, M. (2011) Screening for breast cancer with mammography. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1: CD001877. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001877.pub4

Back to top


Ynte Hein Schukken - Failures and successes in doing randomized controlled trials on dairy farms: lessons from the field

Kremer, W.D. et al. (1989) A randomized field study of therapy of non-perforating injury of the udder. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde, 114(10), pp. 566-569

Schukken, Y.H. et al. (1993) A randomized blind trial on dry cow antibiotic infusion in a low somatic cell count herd. Journal of Dairy Science, 76(10), pp. 2925-2930

Lam, T.J. et al. (1997) The effect of discontinuation of postmilking teat disinfection in low somatic cell count herds. 1. Incidence of clinical mastitis. Veterinary Quarterly, 19(2), pp. 41-47. DOI: 10.1080/01652176.1997.9694738

Elbers, A.R. and Schukken, Y.H. (1995) Clinical features of veterinary field trials. Veterinary Record, 136(8), pp. 187-192

McDermott, J.J., Schukken, Y.H. and Shoukri, M.M. (1994) Study design and analytic methods for data collected from clusters of animals. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 18(3), pp. 175-191

Schukken, Y.H. and Deluyker, H.A. (1995) Design of field trials for the evaluation of antibacterial products for therapy of bovine clinical mastitis. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 18(4), pp. 274-283

Borm, A.A. et al. Effects of prepartum intramammary antibiotic therapy on udder health, milk production, and reproductive performance in dairy heifers. Journal of Dairy Science, 89(6), pp. 2090-2098.

Schukken, Y.H. et al. (2014) Efficacy of vaccination on Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase- negative staphylococci intramammary infection dynamics in 2 dairy herds.  Journal of Dairy Science, 97(8), pp. 5250-5264. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2014-8008

Kamminga, M. et al. (1994) The clinical recovery of fattening pigs from respiratory disease after treatment with two injectable oxytetracycline formulations. Veterinary Quarterly, 16(4), pp. 196-199.

Schukken, Y.H., Rauch, B.J. and Morelli, J. (2013) Defining standardized protocols for determining the efficacy of a postmilking teat disinfectant following experimental exposure of teats to mastitis pathogens. Journal of Dairy Science, 96(4), pp. 2694-2704. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2012-6222

Back to top


Dan O'Neill - Effective dissemination: building an 'Evidence to impact' strategy

O'Neill, D. G. et al. (2014) Prevalence of disorders recorded in dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in England. PLoS One,  9(3):e90501. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090501 [Accessed 21/12/2016]

VetCompass Learn Zone [Accessed 20/12/2016]

VetCompass [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Back to top


Mark Turner - Mistakes, errors and foul-ups: practice-based evidence for evidence based practice

Brennan, T.A. et al. (1991) Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I. The New England Journal of Medicine, 324(Appendix I), pp. 370–376. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199102073240604

Gawande, A. A. et al. (1999) The incidence and nature of surgical adverse events in Colorado and Utah in 1992. Surgery, 126(1), pp. 66–75

Vincent, C., Neale, G. and Woloshynowych, M. (2001) Adverse events in British hospitals: preliminary retrospective record review. BMJ, 322(7285), pp. 517 – 519. DOI:

Mellanby, R. J. and Herrtage, M. E. (2004) Survey of mistakes made by recent veterinary graduates. Veterinary Record, 155(24), pp. 761–765. DOI:

Hartnack, S. et al. (2013) Critical incidence reporting systems - an option in equine anaesthesia? Results from a panel meeting. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 40(6), pp.  e3–8. DOI:

Brodbelt, D. C. et al. (2008) The risk of death: the confidential enquiry into perioperative small animal fatalities. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 35(5), pp. 365–373. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2995.2008.00397.x.

Oxtoby, C. et al. (2015) We need to talk about error: causes and types of error in veterinary practice. Veterinary Record, 177(17), pp. 438-446. DOI:

Reason, J. (2000). Human error: models and management. BMJ, 320:768. DOI:

Helmreich, R. L. (2000) On error management: lessons from aviation. BMJ, 320:781. DOI:

Lawton, R. et al. (2012) Development of an evidence-based framework of factors contributing to patient safety incidents in hospital settings: a systematic review. BMJ Quality & Safety, 21(5), pp. 369–380. DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000443

World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Haynes, A. B. et al. (2009) A surgical safety checklist to reduce morbidity and mortality in a global population. New England Journal of Medicine, 360(5), pp. 491–499. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsa0810119.

Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Gasson, J. (2011) Reducing surgical complications using a safety checklist. Veterinary Record, 169(19), pp. 503. DOI: 10.1136/vr.d7107

Tivers, M. (2015) Reducing error and improving patient safety. Veterinary Record, 177(17), pp. 436–437. DOI: 10.1136/vr.h5653

Armitage-Chan, E. A. (2014) Human factors, non-technical skills, professionalism and flight safety: their roles in improving patient outcome. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 41(3), pp. 221-223. DOI: 10.1111/vaa.12126

Brodbelt, D. C. et al. (2008) The risk of death: the confidential enquiry into perioperative small animal fatalities. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 35(5), pp. 365–373. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2995.2008.00397.x

McMillan, M. (2014) New frontiers for veterinary anaesthesia: the development of veterinary patient safety culture. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 41(3), pp. 224–226. DOI: 10.1111/vaa.12123

Hofmeister, E. H. et al. (2014) Development, implementation and impact of simple patient safety interventions in a university teaching hospital. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 41(3), pp. 243–8. DOI: 10.1111/vaa.12124

Gordon S., Mendenhall P. and O’Connor B. B. (2012) Beyond the checklist: what else health care can learn from aviation teamwork and safety. London: IRL Press.

RVC patient safety survey [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Forster, K. et al. (2011) Retained surgical swabs in 13 dogs. Veterinary Record, 169(13), pp. 337-345. DOI: 10.1136/vr.d4396

World Health Organization [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [Accessed 20/12/2016]

Haynes, A. B. et al. (2011) Changes in safety attitude and relationship to decreased postoperative morbidity and mortality following implementation of a checklist-based surgical safety intervention. BMJ Quality & Safety, 20(1), pp. 102–7. DOI:

Back to top


Mirjam Nielen - Introduction to statistics

Camerlink, I. et al. (2010) Homeopathy, 99(1), pp. 57-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.homp.2009.10.003

Back to top


Bradley Viner - Embedding EBVM into practice

Cockcroft, P. and Holmes, M. (2003) Handbook of evidence-based veterinary medicine. Oxford: Blackwell

Viner, B. (2010) Success in veterinary practice: maximising clinical outcomes and personal well-being.  Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell [Accessed 19 December 2016]

Back to top

Website developed by netXtra

Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons Trust (trading as RCVS Knowledge) is a registered Charity No. 230886
Registered as a Company limited by guarantee in England & Wales No. 598443
Registered office: Belgravia House, 62 - 64 Horseferry Road, London SW1P 2AF